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June 2012 Issue

25 Years Ago
1987. The U.S. Geological Survey estimated that the amount of known and undiscovered conventional oil could amount to a 60-year world supply. ... Studies of a mussel variety deep beneath the Gulf of Mexico confirmed the organism can subsist solely on methane via a symbiotic relationship with methane-eating bacteria in its gills. This method was considered novel when, a decade earlier, sunlight was thought to be the sole energy source for virtually all higher life-forms on Earth. ... U.S. scientists cruised the western Pacific and Indian oceans in a Soviet research vessel to study human impact on atmosphere and ocean chemistry.

15 Years Ago
1997. A group of ecologists, geographers and economists estimated the value of ecosystem services and natural capital at $16 trillion to $54 trillion, of which coastal environments represented 43 percent. ... NOAA pronounced that U.S. coral reefs were facing a crisis that could affect the economies of coastal communities, such as those in the Florida Keys, Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands and Hawaii. ... The University of Delaware introduced a microelectrode that was hardy enough to withstand swampy marine environments in order to shed light on the chemistry of biofilm damaging marine vessels and structures.

10 Years Ago
2002. NOAA announced a four-tiered plan to protect the marine life and ecosystem of the northwestern Hawaiian islands, the largest coral reef area in the U.S. ... MacArtney UK received its first order for the Seaeye Falcon ROV, with a 300-meter depth rating and high-resolution camera. ... Scientists from the University of California, Santa Barbara, revealed findings on how long it took for creatures to respond to being put in marine reserves. The animals reacted positively in one to three years, and the effect lasted for decades. The premise was that increased production in reserves eventually benefits consumers.


2013:  JAN | FEB | MARCH | APRIL | MAY | JUNE | JULY | AUG | SEPT | OCT | NOV | DEC
2012:  JAN | FEB | MARCH | APRIL | MAY | JUNE | JULY | AUG | SEPT | OCT | NOV | DEC

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